Cape Town, an important port city and one of South Africa’s major tourist attractions
The Western Cape lies at the southernmost point of the African continent, washed by the Atlantic Ocean on its western shoreline and the Indian Ocean in the south. Its provincial neighbours are the Northern Cape to the north and Eastern Cape to the east. With a total area of 129 462 square kilometres, the Western Cape is roughly the size of Greece.
The Western Cape is topographically and climatically varied. It has a temperate southern coastline fringed with mountains; here the typical vegetation, especially in the western section, is the famed fynbos. To the north it stretches deep into the Karoo plateau, while the west coast is extremely dry.
The Mediterranean climate of the peninsula and the mountainous region beyond it is ideal for grape cultivation, with a number of vineyards producing excellent wines. Other fruit and vegetables are also grown here, and wheat is an important crop to the north and east of Cape Town.